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Garden Tasks
 
 
Garden Tasks for
October
Annuals Take performance notes. Take cuttings from or move indoors any plants to be over-wintered. Weed and water frost-resistant plants. remove spent annuals or annuals killed by frost and begin fall cleanup Add all weeds and disease-free plant materials to the compost pile. Begin planting hardy plants for winter display such as ornamental kale, cabbage, pansies  and asters. Vegetables and Herbs Harvest and store late potatoes Plant spinach and garlic. Plant cover crops for over-wintering. Mulch after the ground freezes. As frost kills crops, begin garden cleanup. Collect as many fallen leaves as possible for mulch and composting. Patio and Container Plants Continue monitoring plants for daily water needs and pest control. Remove spent plants and replace with pansies, asters, ornamental kale, or cabbage for fall color. Pot bulbs to force for spring bloom.
Tree and Shrubs
Check for insects and disease; spray to control.
Water as-needed.
Continue planting new woody ornamentals.
Stake new trees as high as possible and tie them loosely to encourage wind movement yet still protect them from damage.
If you spot any scale insects on backs of the leaves of broadleaf evergreens, spray with "
".
Roses
Stop fungicidal sprays. Store these and any leftover insecticides in a protected, well-ventilated place; extreme cold will destroy the chemicals.
Plant spring bulbs in rose beds for early spring color.
Water as-needed; fall is often dry.
Tomatoes Some plants may survive until mid-month; once a freeze kills these late producers, begin fall clean-up. Remove dead plants and compost them; any that are visibly diseased should be discarded or destroyed. Clean vines and foliage from cages, stakes, and trellises. Store for winter. When a hard frost threatens, harvest all fruit. Perennials and Bulbs Continue dividing and fall-planting herbaceous perennials. All spring-flowering bulbs Water and weed as-needed. Deadhead or cut back bloomed-out perennials. Clean-up beds as plants die back or are affected by frost. Add plant materials to compost pile. Lawns Establish or re-seed the lawn with a variety suited to your area. Apply " Greenview Winter Green " at recommended rates if not already done. Rake leaves and other debris. Raise mower blade by 1/2 inch above normal. Apply broadleaf weed control unless recently over-seeded.
Bonide All-Season's Dormant Oil
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(October)